Students are always asking about this topic. They write to me ‘Would a question specify biosocial explanations or just be on gender dysphoria?’ It’s better to prepare for the former question because that essay would do in either circumstance.
Here is a possible essay answer:
- Paragraph 1: The biosocial approach to gender dysphoria suggests that this condition develops because of an interaction between biological and psychosocial factors, a kind of diathesis-stress approach where a person is born with some biological difference (such as genes) which increases the likelihood of gender dysphoria. However life events determine whether such a predisposition ultimately develops into dysphoria.
- Paragraph 2: Such a biological predisposition might include brain differences [describe such possible differences, possibly describing research].
- Paragraph 3: Biological predisposition might include exposure to pesticides [explain this/describe research].
- Paragraph 4: Remind the reader that psychosocial factors trigger the expression of the underlying biological factor(s). This might include … [description of a psychosocial explanation].
That should give you 200 words (50 words per paragraph) which is about right for AO1.
Notice the persistent focus on the interaction at the beginning of each key point.
As I have used evidence as my AO1 then I need to consider carefully how to do the AO2:
- Paragraph 5 and 6: Can use two studies that support the AO1.
- Paragraph 7 and 8: Can use two studies that contradict the AO1.
- Paragraph 9: What about determinism? This is not a determinist approach to understanding gender dysphoria because it suggests that biology alone does not inevitably lead to gender dysphoria …
- Paragraph 10: This research on gender dysphoria is ethically socially sensitive because ….
- Paragraph 11: The strength of this biosocial approach to understanding gender dysphoria is … rather than taking a strictly biological and psychosocial approach, the biosocial approach can explain why identical twins don’t always both develop the disorder ..
- Paragraph 12: A limitation of the biosocial approach to understanding gender dysphoria is …
That should give you 400 words which is right for AO2.
No, I haven’t written the answer for you – you have to do something!